Catla (Labeo catla), (Bengali: কাত্লা, romanized: kātlā) also known as the major South Asian carp, is an economically important South Asian freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae. It is native to rivers and lakes in northern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan, but has also been introduced elsewhere in South Asia and is commonly farmed.
In Nepal and neighboring regions of India, up to Odisha, it is called Bakura.
Catla is a fish with a large and broad head, a large protruding lower jaw, and an upturned mouth.
The catla was formerly listed as the only species in the genus Catla, but this was a synonym of the genus Gibeon. More recently, the Catalog of Fishes has moved this species to Labeo. This species has often been confused with the giant barb (Catlocarpio siamensis) of south-east Asia as the two taxa bear an extraordinary resemblance to each other, especially in their very large heads.